1. Iwnicki,S., editor, "The Manchester Benchmarks for Rail Vehicle Simulation",
    Supplement to Vehicle Systems Dynamics, Volume 31 (1999), Swets & Zeitlinger B.V., Lisse, The Netherlands, 1999

  2. Steffens, D., Murray, M., Establishing Meaningful Results from Models of Railway Track Dynamic Behaviour,
    Proceedings of the 8th International Heavy Haul Association (IHHA) Conference, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, June, 2005

  3. Blader, F.B., Elkins, J.A., Klauser, P.E., Wilson, N.G., "Development and Validation of a General Rail Vehicle Dynamics Simulation (NUCARS),"
    ASME-IEEE Joint Railway Conference, Philadelphia PA. April 1989.

  4. Elkins, J.A., "Experimental Validation of Multi-Body Programs" ,

  5. Wilson, N.G., Gurule, S., "Application of Instrumented Wheelset Technology to Transit System Research and Development",
    ASME-IEEE Joint Railroad Conference, Boston, MA, March 1997.

  6. Elkins, J.A., Brickle,B., Singh, S., Wilson, N.G., Wu,H.,"Track Stucture Modelling with NUCARSTM and Its Validation",
    Proceedings of 17th IAVSD Symposium, Lyngby, Denmark. August 2001.

  7. Shu, X., Wilson, N., Sasaoka, C., Elkins, J., "Development of a Real-Time Wheel/Rail Contact Model in NUCARS™
    and Application to Diamond Crossing and Turnout Design Simulations", Presented at the 19th IAVSD Symposium, Milan, Italy, August 2005

  8. Kalker, J.J., 'The Computation of Three Dimensional Rolling Contact with Dry Friction,' International Journal for
    Numerical Methods in Engineering, Vol. 14, pp. 1293-1307, 1979.

  9. Wilson, N.G., Gurule, S.,"Simulation of Wheel/Rail Interaction in Turnouts and Special Trackwork", Proceedings of 16th
    IAVSD Symposium, Pretoria, South Africa. September 1999.

  10. Li, D., Elkins, J.A., Otter, D.E., Wilson, N.G.,"Vehicle/Track Dynamic Models for Wheel/Rail Forces and Track Response",
    Heavy Vehicle Systems, International Journal of Vehicle Design, Vol. 6, Nos. 1-4, Pgs 345�359, 1999.

  11. Elkins, J.A., "Simulating High Speed Rail Using NUCARS: A General Rail Vehicle Dynamics Program"

  12. Elkins, J.A., Klasuer, P.E., Blader, F.B., "Applications Using NUCARS; A General Purpose Rail Vehicle Dynamics Simulation"